Prevention of Hepatitis Based on the Type

Hepatitis, a disease that attacks the liver has many types. But in general, people with hepatitis have similar symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, no appetite.

Laboratory blood tests are needed as an important step to determine the type of hepatitis suffered. If handled properly, some cases of hepatitis can be cured completely without sequelae. While other types often develop into chronic if not handled properly.

Prevention of Hepatitis Based on the Type

Prevention of Hepatitis Based on the Type
Photo by @jairlazarofuentes

We need to make significant prevention efforts so that hepatitis does not spread and develop more severely. Each type of hepatitis has prevention in different ways for each type.

Hepatitis A (HAV)

Hepatitis A can be prevented by vaccinating 2 or 3 drops of the vaccine according to the standard of treatment for children aged 1-18 years. Whereas for adults given a dose by giving a larger vaccination with a vaccine period of 6-12 months after the first dose.

By giving vaccinations can prevent hepatitis effectively which can last for 15 years to 20 years or more. The vaccine aims to prevent before the occurrence of hepatitis A virus infection and provide protection against the virus as early as possible 2-4 weeks after vaccination.

Maintaining personal hygiene and the environment around the residence is a very important initial effort as an early prevention process before contracting or experiencing a higher risk of hepatitis. Always maintain cleanliness by starting the easy steps. Washing your hands before and after touching something is one of the ways you can do to prevent hepatitis A.



Hepatitis B (HBV)

Hepatitis B vaccination is considered to be very optimal and effective for those identified and can help provide protection for more or less 15 years. At this time newborn babies can be given Hepatitis B vaccination, which is given in 3 injections.

All children, adolescents, and adults as well as those who are sexually active need to be vaccinated. Especially for those who work directly to handle blood or blood products such as donors or laboratory workers every day, vaccines should be given. Those who use illegal drugs using needles are also strictly prohibited from taking turns or using the same syringe, cocaine straw, or other types.


Hepatitis C (HCV)

Spread of hepatitis C through blood transfusion and is often transmitted by someone who uses an infected syringe together. There is no vaccine to prevent this virus from hepatitis C. Vaccines for hepatitis A and B do not provide an immune system or immunity against the hepatitis C virus.

Efforts to prevent hepatitis C are to minimize the risk of transmission through blood transfusion and avoid the use of syringes together. Thus prevention can be done by avoiding these risk factors.

Preventing hepatitis is something that we have to do considering that healing for this disease is quite difficult and requires a lot of time and money.

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